Some companies have abandoned their hydrogen internal combustion engine (HICE) projects in favor of other alternative fuel technologies, such as hydrogen fuel cells and battery electric vehicles, for several reasons:
- Lower efficiency: HICEs are generally less efficient than hydrogen fuel cells and battery electric vehicles. The combustion process in HICEs results in energy loss as heat, whereas fuel cells can directly convert hydrogen's chemical energy into electricity, leading to higher overall system efficiency.
- Technological advancements: Fuel cell technology and battery technology have experienced rapid advancements in recent years, making them more viable and efficient options for automotive applications. This has led many companies to shift their focus to these technologies instead of HICEs.
- Market demand: The market for battery electric vehicles (BEVs) has been growing rapidly, fueled by incentives, regulations, and increasing consumer interest in zero-emission vehicles. This has encouraged companies to focus on BEVs and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) rather than HICEs.
- Infrastructure: Developing hydrogen fueling infrastructure is a significant challenge, and it is more cost-effective to build hydrogen fueling stations that support fuel cell vehicles than HICEs. Additionally, battery electric vehicles can utilize the existing electrical grid, further diminishing the appeal of HICEs.
- Emission regulations: Stricter emission regulations worldwide have pushed automakers to focus